Seems committee will vote for unrestricted access to abortion up to 12 weeks.
This is the simplest and wisest choice, the 12 weeks figure makes sense:
- 6-9 weeks is when the placenta takes over to produce its own hormones to keep the fetus stay in the womb. Up to that point it is the ovaries' hormones that keep the embryo in the womb. In other words, up to 9 weeks, the embryo has no "self-sustaining" characteristics, and termination should be available without any question being asked.
- 9 to 12 weeks is when the fetal stage starts, till the end of the first trimester...
- 12 weeks is when reflexes start to develop. It is as big a lime, its face has formed, and its nervous system is blooming. It can feel pain without a doubt.
Up to the 12th week, miscarriages (natural terminations...) are very likely. It is the first trimester...
Contrariwise, the last trimester is when the fetus is "viable": it could be born premature and have more than 50% chance of survival.
After the first trimester, the fetus is firmly established in the womb, its features are very much fully human, and it is the time from which it becomes more questionable to get terminations "on demand", and where terminations should really only be for specific medical reasons.
After 12 weeks, it is fair to consider that the woman has had time to consider her choices. And from that point it is fair to take into account the viability of the fetus.
The exact same timeline exist in France, for the very reason that it is based on biology. (Medicinal termination up to end of 7th week, instrumental up to end of 12th week)
By the way, 12 weeks pregnancy means 14 weeks after the last periods.
This deadline, associated with a real sex education, will help make pregnancy a fully informed choice, whatever the circumstances that led to it. Summary: - First trimester: dependent embryo turns into co-dependent fetus. Abortion OK. Woman's choice.
- Second trimester: abortion mostly not OK, unless dramatic reasons. Not the woman's choice, but society's choice.
- Third trimester: abortion nearly never OK, unless life of mother at play, or fetus viability after birth unlikely.